Yıl 2018, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 127 - 135 2018-04-11

PLASTIC POLLUTION ON RIZE SARAYKOY BEACH IN THE SOUTHEASTERN BLACK SEA
GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ

Fatma Başak Esensoy Şahin [1] , Furkan Karacan [2] , Ülgen Aytan [3]

154 150

Marine litter is an important environmental problem in the Black Sea which is a semi-enclosed with high river discharge. Plastics are the most common marine litter in the Black Sea as it’s in the other regions in the world. Plastic litter were monitored in the Saraykoy beach of Rize in the South-Eastern Black Sea between June 2016 and March 2017. The beach litter collected seasonally following OSPAR beach monitoring methodology and collected in 100 m beach section and separated into types. During the study, 43 different types of plastic litter were identified. A new plastic litter type (pipes) was added to OSPAR litter photo guide. In the beach, average 1.90 ±1.49 pieces/m2 and 14.85 ±12.83 g/m2 plastic litter were found with the highest in summer and the lowest in spring. During the study, foam sponges and plastic/polystyrene pieces (2.5-50 cm) were the most common type of litter. According to usage, food related, beverages and general packaging comprised top three in the beach. Our results suggest that small plastic pieces might easily transport to the sea by wind and break down to micro- and nanoplastics which would be harm to Black Sea ecosystem.

Yüksek nehir deşarjına sahip yarı kapalı bir deniz olan Karadeniz’de, çöpler önemli bir çevresel problemdir. Plastik çöpler dünya genelinde olduğu gibi Karadeniz’de de deniz çöplerinin en yaygın olanıdır. Güneydoğu Karadeniz’de Rize ili Sarayköy plajında plastik çöpler Haziran 2016-Mart 2017 tarihleri arasında izlenmiştir. Plaj çöpleri mevsimsel olarak OSPAR plaj izleme metodolojisi takip edilerek 100 m’lik plaj kesitinde toplanmış ve tiplerine ayrılmışlardır. Çalışma süresince, 43 farklı tip plastik çöp belirlenmiştir. OSPAR çöp fotoğraf kılavuzunda kaydı olmayan 1 yeni plastik çöp tipi (borular) listeye ilave edilmiştir. Plajda en yüksek yaz ve en düşük ilkbaharda olmak üzere ortalama 1.90 ±1.49 adet/m2 ve 14.85 ±12.83 g/m2 plastik çöp bulunmuştur. Çalışma süresince köpük süngerler ve plastik/polistiren parçalar (2.5-50 cm) en sık rastlanılan çöp tipi olarak bulunmuştur. Plajda plastik çöpler kullanım alanlarına göre değerlendirildiğinde, yiyecek, içecek ve genel paketleme ilk üç sırada yer almıştır. Plajda bulunan küçük plastik parçalar rüzgarlarla kolaylıkla denize taşınabilirlikleri ve yakın gelecekte mikro- ve nanoplastikleri oluşturacak olmaları göz önünde bulundurulduğunda, Karadeniz ekosistemi için büyük tehdit oluşturdukları düşünülmektedir.

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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7046-3842
Yazar: Fatma Başak Esensoy Şahin (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6369-8149
Yazar: Furkan Karacan
Kurum: RİZE İL GIDA TARIM VE HAYVANCILIK MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6530-3083
Yazar: Ülgen Aytan
Kurum: RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { aquatres403366, journal = {Aquatic Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {ScientificWebJournals}, year = {2018}, volume = {1}, pages = {127 - 135}, doi = {10.3153/AR18014}, title = {GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Aytan, Ülgen and Karacan, Furkan and Esensoy Şahin, Fatma Başak} }
APA Esensoy Şahin, F , Karacan, F , Aytan, Ü . (2018). GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ. Aquatic Research, 1 (3), 127-135. DOI: 10.3153/AR18014
MLA Esensoy Şahin, F , Karacan, F , Aytan, Ü . "GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ". Aquatic Research 1 (2018): 127-135 <http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/issue/36002/403366>
Chicago Esensoy Şahin, F , Karacan, F , Aytan, Ü . "GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ". Aquatic Research 1 (2018): 127-135
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ AU - Fatma Başak Esensoy Şahin , Furkan Karacan , Ülgen Aytan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.3153/AR18014 DO - 10.3153/AR18014 T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 127 EP - 135 VL - 1 IS - 3 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - doi: 10.3153/AR18014 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3153/AR18014 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ %A Fatma Başak Esensoy Şahin , Furkan Karacan , Ülgen Aytan %T GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ %D 2018 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 1 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/AR18014 %U 10.3153/AR18014
ISNAD Esensoy Şahin, Fatma Başak , Karacan, Furkan , Aytan, Ülgen . "GÜNEYDOĞU KARADENİZ RİZE SARAYKÖY PLAJINDA PLASTİK KİRLİLİĞİ". Aquatic Research 1 / 3 (Nisan 2018): 127-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.3153/AR18014