Year 2020, Volume 3 , Issue 1, Pages 13 - 23 2020-01-01

Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris

Tuğba ŞENTÜRK [1] , Şükran YILDIZ [2]


Microalgae exhibit large potential as an alternative to advanced biological nutrient removal in wastewater or simulated wastewater at laboratory conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the optimum conditions for nutrient removal. This study investigated the total carbohydrate, chlorophyll-a, -b, carotenoid and lipid production and nutrient removal of mixotrophic microalgae (C. vulgaris) cultured in different nitrate/phosphate rich modified BG-11 medium (0-200 mg L-1) at longer growth periods (10 days). The mean removal efficiency of NO3-N (in nitrate source), and PO4-P (in phosphate source) (88.29 ±0.12 and 31.06 ±0.22%, respectively) was reached in the mixotrophic culture. Under the optimum conditions (200 µmol photon m⁻2s⁻1 16 h photoperiod and 28% inoculum size), 63.61-99.05% of NO3- and 13.97-63.77% of PO₄3⁻were successfully removed. The lipid and carbohydrate productivities were 27.95 and 29.53 g L−1d−1, 0.2869 and 0.2435 g L-1 d-1 respectively, which were approximately 9-12 times higher than those in photoautotrophic condition. The BG-11 growth media containing 10 g L−1 glucose and excessive amount of nutrient effect results indicate that the Chl-a, -b and carotenoid contents of C. vulgaris is higher at 100 mg L-1 N and 50 mg L-1 P growth media composition compared to 100% growth media composition. Thereby, the findings of this study provided an insight into the role of algal uptake of nutrients under the nutrient rich mixotrophic medium for the future algae-based treatment application.

Bioremediation, Chlorella, Mixotrophic solution, Nutrient removal, Algal removal
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Primary Language en
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9882-0079
Author: Tuğba ŞENTÜRK (Primary Author)
Institution: Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Science and Art Department of Biology, Manisa
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3195-2269
Author: Şükran YILDIZ
Institution: Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Science and Art Department of Biology, Manisa
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Manisa Celal Bayar University Scientific Investigation Project
Project Number FEF 2015–154
Thanks The authors wish to express their gratitude to the Manisa Celal Bayar University Scientific Investigation Project for the funding of this work (Project No. FEF 2015–154).
Dates

Publication Date : January 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { aquatres640642, journal = {Aquatic Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {Esnaf Mah. Pembe Köşk Sok. Kentplus Kadıköy Sitesi B Blok D435 Kadıköy-İstanbul}, publisher = {ScientificWebJournals}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, pages = {13 - 23}, doi = {10.3153/AR20002}, title = {Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris}, key = {cite}, author = {ŞENTÜRK, Tuğba and YILDIZ, Şükran} }
APA ŞENTÜRK, T , YILDIZ, Ş . (2020). Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris. Aquatic Research , 3 (1) , 13-23 . DOI: 10.3153/AR20002
MLA ŞENTÜRK, T , YILDIZ, Ş . "Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris". Aquatic Research 3 (2020 ): 13-23 <http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/en/issue/49272/640642>
Chicago ŞENTÜRK, T , YILDIZ, Ş . "Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris". Aquatic Research 3 (2020 ): 13-23
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris AU - Tuğba ŞENTÜRK , Şükran YILDIZ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.3153/AR20002 DO - 10.3153/AR20002 T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 23 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - doi: 10.3153/AR20002 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/AR20002 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris %A Tuğba ŞENTÜRK , Şükran YILDIZ %T Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris %D 2020 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3153/AR20002 %U 10.3153/AR20002
ISNAD ŞENTÜRK, Tuğba , YILDIZ, Şükran . "Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris". Aquatic Research 3 / 1 (January 2020): 13-23 . https://doi.org/10.3153/AR20002
AMA ŞENTÜRK T , YILDIZ Ş . Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris. Aquat Res. 2020; 3(1): 13-23.
Vancouver ŞENTÜRK T , YILDIZ Ş . Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris. Aquatic Research. 2020; 3(1): 23-13.