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Investigation of fatty acid profiles in some economically important fish species living in Atatürk Dam Lake, Adıyaman, Türkiye

Yıl 2023, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 11 - 18, 01.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR23002

Öz

This study aims to determine the fatty acid profile of 10 fish species (Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782), Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843), Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758), Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), Alburnus sellal (Heckel, 1843), Planiliza abu (Heckel, 1843), Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843), Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel, 1843), Mastacembelus mastacembelus (Banks & Solander 1794) ) caught from Atatürk Dam Lake, sold by fishermen and consumed by local people. Accordingly, the fish species identification was made and the individuals belonging to the determined species were randomly selected and muscle tissue was taken from each sample for fatty acid analysis and put into tubes. Extraction of fats from muscle tissue was carried out using a chloroform-methanol solvent mixture. The methylation process of fatty acids was carried out using the TS EN ISO 12966:2 method. Analyzes were performed with Thermo brand Trace GC model GC with FID (Flame Ion Detector) detector. A 60 m HP-88 column was used in the analysis. It has been determined that 10 fish species contain a total of 26 different fatty acids. Palmitic acid is the major fatty acid among saturated fatty acids (SFA). Palmitic acid values vary between 18.31 % and 25.51 %. It was determined the most in C. carpio and the lowest in C. auratus. Among the mono unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), oleic acid is the major fatty acid and was found between 12.70 % and 29.77 %. It was detected at most in A. sellal with a rate of 29.77 % and in P. abu with a minimum rate of 12.70 %. Of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), docosahexaenoic acid is seen as the major fatty acid. It was detected at most in C. trutta with a rate of 14.24 %, and at a minimum in C. carpio with a rate of 0.62 %.

Kaynakça

  • Alhas, E., Oymak, S. A., Karadede Akin, H. (2009). Heavy metal concentrations in two barb, Barbus xanthopterus and Barbus rajanorum mystaceus from Atatürk Dam Lake, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 148(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-0134-0
  • Başhan, M., Kaçar, S. (2017). Fatty acid composition of total lipid, phospholipid and triacylglycerol in the muscle and liver tissue of Capoeta trutta fatty acids of Capoeta trutta. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 7(4), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.2017.196
  • Bayar, İ., İnci, A., Ünübol Aypak, S., Bildik, A. (2021). Büyük Menderes Nehri’nden (Aydın) iki tatlı su balığı türünün kas dokularındaki total yağ asidi kompozisyonun araştırılması. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 24 (2), 260-266. https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.723089
  • Bulut, S., Mert, R., Solak, K., Çevik, C. (2006). Apa Baraj Gölü’nde (Konya) Yaşayan Cyprinus carpio L.’Nun Kas Dokusu Yağ Asidi Kompozisyonu. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (2), 51-57.
  • Cengiz, E.I., Ünlü, E., Başhan, M. (2010). Fatty acid composition of total lipids in muscle tissues of nine freshwater fish from the River Tigris (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology, 34(4), 33-438. https://doi.org/10.3906/biy-0903-19
  • Dağtekin, B. B., Misir, G. B., & Kutlu, S. (2018). Comparison of biochemical, fatty acids and lipid quality indexes of Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) caught from lake Çıldır on different seasons. Mediterranean Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, 1(1), 2-14.
  • Doğan, N. (2007). Atatürk Baraj Gölü'nde yaşayan Tor grypus (Heckel, 1843)'un büyüme ve üreme özellikleri. Master Thesis, Harran University, Institute of Science, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.
  • Fallah, A.A., SiavashSaei-Dehkordi, S. & Nematollahi, A. (2011). Comparative assessment of proximate composition, physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile and mineral content in farmed and wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46(4), 767-773. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02554.x
  • Fırat, Ö., Çoğun, H.Y., Aytekin, T., Firidin, G., Temiz, Ö., Sağ, H., Kargın, F. (2018). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nün kirli ve temiz bölgelerinden yakalanan dokularındaki ağır metal düzeylerinin karşılaştırılması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(3), 173-183. https://doi.org/10.22392/egirdir.375767
  • Folch, J., Lees, M., G.H. Sloane-Stanley (1957). A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226(1), 497-509. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)64849-5
  • Garaffo, M.A., Vassallo-Agius, R., Nengas, Y., Lembo, E., Rando, R., Maisano, R., Dugo, G., Giuffrida, D. (2011). Fatty acid profile, atherogenic (IA) and thrombogenic (IT) health lipid indices, of raw roe of blue fin tuna (Thunnus Thynnus L.) and their salted product Bottarga. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2(7), 736-743. https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2011.27101
  • Gökçe, M.A., Tasbozan, O., Tabakoglu, S.S., Çelik, M., Ozcan, F., Basusta, A. (2011). Proximate composition and fatty acid profile of shabbout (Barbus grypus, Heckel) caught from theAtatürk Dam Lake, Turkey. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 9(2), 148-151.
  • Inhamuns, A.J., Franco, M.R.B., (2008). EPA and DHA quantification in two species of freshwater fish from Central Amazonia. Food Chemistry, 107, 587-591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.07.032
  • Kaçar, S. (2010). Atatürk Baraj gölündeki bazı tatlısu balıklarının total lipit ve yağ asitlerinin mevsimsel değişimi. PhD Thesis, Department of Biology, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.
  • Kaçar, S., Başhan, M., Oymak, S.A. (2016). Effect of seasonal variation on lipid and fatty acid profile in muscle tissue of male and female Silurus triostegus. Journal of Food Science And Technology, 53(7), 2913-2922. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-016-2253-5
  • Kaçar, S, Başhan, M., Oymak, S.A. (2018). Effect of season on the fatty acid profile of total lipids, phospholipids and triacylglycerols in Mastacembelus mastacembelus (Atatürk Dam Lake, Turkey). Grasas Aceites, 69, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1108172
  • Kaçar, S., Başhan, M. (2016). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’ndeki tatlısu balıklarının lipid içeriği ve yağ asidi profilinin karşılaştırılması. Türk Biyokimya Dergisi, 41(3), 150-156. https://doi.org/10.1515/tjb-2016-0025
  • Kaya, Y., Turan, H. (2008). Fatty acids composition of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus l. 1758) oil produced ın Sinop-turkey. Journal of Fisheriessciences.com, 2, 693-697. https://doi.org/10.3153/jfscom.2008036
  • Linhartová, Z., Krejsa, J., Zajíc, T., Masilko, J., Sampels, S., Mraz, J., (2018). Proximate and fatty acid composition of 13 important freshwater fish species in central Europe. Aquaculture International, 26, 695-711. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-018-0243-5
  • Oymak, S.A. (1998). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nde yasayan Silurus triostegus (Heckel, 1843) ve Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un biyo-ekolojik özellikleri. PhD Thesis, Gazi University Science Science Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Öksüz, A., Dikmen, M., Alkan, Ş.B., Yaylalı, O., Kaplan, T., Demirtaş, S. (2019). Beyşehir Gölünden avlanan sazan ve sudak balıklarının besin ve yağ asidi bileşenlerinin Karşılaştırılması. Aquatic Research, 2(4), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.3153/AR19016
  • Özyılmaz, A. (2014). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nde avlanan bazı balıkların et verimleri, yağ seviyeleri ve yağ asitleri bileşenleri. Yunus Research Bulletin, (3), 29-36. https://doi.org/10.17693/yunusae.v2014i21953.235724
  • Satar, E.I., Uysal, E., Ünlü, E., Başhan, M., Satar, A. (2012). The effects of seasonal variation on the fatty acid composition of total lipid, phospholipid, and triacylglycerol in the dorsal muscle of Capoeta trutta found in the Tigris River (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology, 36(1), 113-123. https://doi.org/10.3906/biy-1008-81
  • Shahidi, F., Ambigaipalan, P. (2018). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their health benefits. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 9, 345-381. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-food-111317-095850
  • Tasbozan, O., Gokce, M. A., Celik, M., Tabakoglu, S. S., Kucukgulmez, A., Basusta, A. (2013). Nutritional composition of Spiny eel (Mastacembelus mastacembelus) caught from the Atatürk Dam Lake in Turkey. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 7(2), 78-82.
  • TS EN ISO 12966-2. (2017). Hayvansal ve bitkisel katı ve sıvı yağlar- Yağ asitleri metil esterlerinin gaz kromotografisi-Bölüm 2: Yağ asitleri metil esterlerinin hazırlanması. TSE publications, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Ulbricht, T., Southgate D. (1991). Coronaryheartdisease: seven dietary factors. Lancet, 338, 985992. https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)91846-M
  • Wołoszyn, J., Haraf, G., Okruszek, A., Wereńska, M., Goluch, Z., Teleszko, M. (2020). Fatty acid profiles and health lipid indices in the breast muscles of local Polish goose varieties. Poultry Science, 99(2), 1216-1224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2019.10.026
  • Yilmaz, S. T., Cakli, S., Dincer, T., Sargin, H., Ucok, C. (2016). Evaluation of nutritional value of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782). Archiv für Lebensmittelhygiene, 67, 139-146.

Yıl 2023, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 11 - 18, 01.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR23002

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Alhas, E., Oymak, S. A., Karadede Akin, H. (2009). Heavy metal concentrations in two barb, Barbus xanthopterus and Barbus rajanorum mystaceus from Atatürk Dam Lake, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 148(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-0134-0
  • Başhan, M., Kaçar, S. (2017). Fatty acid composition of total lipid, phospholipid and triacylglycerol in the muscle and liver tissue of Capoeta trutta fatty acids of Capoeta trutta. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 7(4), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.2017.196
  • Bayar, İ., İnci, A., Ünübol Aypak, S., Bildik, A. (2021). Büyük Menderes Nehri’nden (Aydın) iki tatlı su balığı türünün kas dokularındaki total yağ asidi kompozisyonun araştırılması. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 24 (2), 260-266. https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.723089
  • Bulut, S., Mert, R., Solak, K., Çevik, C. (2006). Apa Baraj Gölü’nde (Konya) Yaşayan Cyprinus carpio L.’Nun Kas Dokusu Yağ Asidi Kompozisyonu. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (2), 51-57.
  • Cengiz, E.I., Ünlü, E., Başhan, M. (2010). Fatty acid composition of total lipids in muscle tissues of nine freshwater fish from the River Tigris (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology, 34(4), 33-438. https://doi.org/10.3906/biy-0903-19
  • Dağtekin, B. B., Misir, G. B., & Kutlu, S. (2018). Comparison of biochemical, fatty acids and lipid quality indexes of Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) caught from lake Çıldır on different seasons. Mediterranean Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, 1(1), 2-14.
  • Doğan, N. (2007). Atatürk Baraj Gölü'nde yaşayan Tor grypus (Heckel, 1843)'un büyüme ve üreme özellikleri. Master Thesis, Harran University, Institute of Science, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.
  • Fallah, A.A., SiavashSaei-Dehkordi, S. & Nematollahi, A. (2011). Comparative assessment of proximate composition, physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile and mineral content in farmed and wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46(4), 767-773. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02554.x
  • Fırat, Ö., Çoğun, H.Y., Aytekin, T., Firidin, G., Temiz, Ö., Sağ, H., Kargın, F. (2018). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nün kirli ve temiz bölgelerinden yakalanan dokularındaki ağır metal düzeylerinin karşılaştırılması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(3), 173-183. https://doi.org/10.22392/egirdir.375767
  • Folch, J., Lees, M., G.H. Sloane-Stanley (1957). A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226(1), 497-509. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)64849-5
  • Garaffo, M.A., Vassallo-Agius, R., Nengas, Y., Lembo, E., Rando, R., Maisano, R., Dugo, G., Giuffrida, D. (2011). Fatty acid profile, atherogenic (IA) and thrombogenic (IT) health lipid indices, of raw roe of blue fin tuna (Thunnus Thynnus L.) and their salted product Bottarga. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2(7), 736-743. https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2011.27101
  • Gökçe, M.A., Tasbozan, O., Tabakoglu, S.S., Çelik, M., Ozcan, F., Basusta, A. (2011). Proximate composition and fatty acid profile of shabbout (Barbus grypus, Heckel) caught from theAtatürk Dam Lake, Turkey. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 9(2), 148-151.
  • Inhamuns, A.J., Franco, M.R.B., (2008). EPA and DHA quantification in two species of freshwater fish from Central Amazonia. Food Chemistry, 107, 587-591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.07.032
  • Kaçar, S. (2010). Atatürk Baraj gölündeki bazı tatlısu balıklarının total lipit ve yağ asitlerinin mevsimsel değişimi. PhD Thesis, Department of Biology, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.
  • Kaçar, S., Başhan, M., Oymak, S.A. (2016). Effect of seasonal variation on lipid and fatty acid profile in muscle tissue of male and female Silurus triostegus. Journal of Food Science And Technology, 53(7), 2913-2922. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-016-2253-5
  • Kaçar, S, Başhan, M., Oymak, S.A. (2018). Effect of season on the fatty acid profile of total lipids, phospholipids and triacylglycerols in Mastacembelus mastacembelus (Atatürk Dam Lake, Turkey). Grasas Aceites, 69, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1108172
  • Kaçar, S., Başhan, M. (2016). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’ndeki tatlısu balıklarının lipid içeriği ve yağ asidi profilinin karşılaştırılması. Türk Biyokimya Dergisi, 41(3), 150-156. https://doi.org/10.1515/tjb-2016-0025
  • Kaya, Y., Turan, H. (2008). Fatty acids composition of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus l. 1758) oil produced ın Sinop-turkey. Journal of Fisheriessciences.com, 2, 693-697. https://doi.org/10.3153/jfscom.2008036
  • Linhartová, Z., Krejsa, J., Zajíc, T., Masilko, J., Sampels, S., Mraz, J., (2018). Proximate and fatty acid composition of 13 important freshwater fish species in central Europe. Aquaculture International, 26, 695-711. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-018-0243-5
  • Oymak, S.A. (1998). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nde yasayan Silurus triostegus (Heckel, 1843) ve Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un biyo-ekolojik özellikleri. PhD Thesis, Gazi University Science Science Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Öksüz, A., Dikmen, M., Alkan, Ş.B., Yaylalı, O., Kaplan, T., Demirtaş, S. (2019). Beyşehir Gölünden avlanan sazan ve sudak balıklarının besin ve yağ asidi bileşenlerinin Karşılaştırılması. Aquatic Research, 2(4), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.3153/AR19016
  • Özyılmaz, A. (2014). Atatürk Baraj Gölü’nde avlanan bazı balıkların et verimleri, yağ seviyeleri ve yağ asitleri bileşenleri. Yunus Research Bulletin, (3), 29-36. https://doi.org/10.17693/yunusae.v2014i21953.235724
  • Satar, E.I., Uysal, E., Ünlü, E., Başhan, M., Satar, A. (2012). The effects of seasonal variation on the fatty acid composition of total lipid, phospholipid, and triacylglycerol in the dorsal muscle of Capoeta trutta found in the Tigris River (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology, 36(1), 113-123. https://doi.org/10.3906/biy-1008-81
  • Shahidi, F., Ambigaipalan, P. (2018). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their health benefits. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 9, 345-381. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-food-111317-095850
  • Tasbozan, O., Gokce, M. A., Celik, M., Tabakoglu, S. S., Kucukgulmez, A., Basusta, A. (2013). Nutritional composition of Spiny eel (Mastacembelus mastacembelus) caught from the Atatürk Dam Lake in Turkey. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 7(2), 78-82.
  • TS EN ISO 12966-2. (2017). Hayvansal ve bitkisel katı ve sıvı yağlar- Yağ asitleri metil esterlerinin gaz kromotografisi-Bölüm 2: Yağ asitleri metil esterlerinin hazırlanması. TSE publications, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Ulbricht, T., Southgate D. (1991). Coronaryheartdisease: seven dietary factors. Lancet, 338, 985992. https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)91846-M
  • Wołoszyn, J., Haraf, G., Okruszek, A., Wereńska, M., Goluch, Z., Teleszko, M. (2020). Fatty acid profiles and health lipid indices in the breast muscles of local Polish goose varieties. Poultry Science, 99(2), 1216-1224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2019.10.026
  • Yilmaz, S. T., Cakli, S., Dincer, T., Sargin, H., Ucok, C. (2016). Evaluation of nutritional value of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782). Archiv für Lebensmittelhygiene, 67, 139-146.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Yasin YAKAR>
Harran University, Organized Industrial Zone Vocational School, Food Processing Department
0000-0003-3297-3379
Türkiye


Arif PARMAKSIZ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Harran University, Faculty of Science and Art, Department of Biology
0000-0003-0321-8198
Türkiye


Muhammed Yaşar DÖRTBUDAK>
Harran University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Fisheries and Diseases
0000-0001-7966-5678
Türkiye


Necmettin DOĞAN>
Adıyaman Bilim Sanat Merkezi
0000-0003-1863-1946
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 28 Haziran 2022
Kabul Tarihi 4 Eylül 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023, Cilt 6, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Yakar, Y. , Parmaksız, A. , Dörtbudak, M. Y. & Doğan, N. (2023). Investigation of fatty acid profiles in some economically important fish species living in Atatürk Dam Lake, Adıyaman, Türkiye . Aquatic Research , 6 (1) , 11-18 . DOI: 10.3153/AR23002

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