Year 2021, Volume 4 , Issue 3, Pages 250 - 259 2021-07-01

Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria

Theophilus Miebi GBIGBI [1]


The study investigated the technical efficiency of female catfish growers in Delta State, Nigeria. Data have been obtained using questionnaires from 112 female catfish farmers who have been randomly selected. Descriptive statistics, cost and return analysis as well as the stochastic model have been used in the analysis of data. The results showed that the mean age, farming experience and household size of the female fish farmers were 42 years old, 8 years and 6 persons respectively. Most of the participants are married and educated. The gross margin and net farm income were N490,378.46 and N416,242.82k respectively. With a rate of return on investment and a BCR (Benefit Cost Ratio) of 0.64 and 1.64, fish farming was found to be profitable. The Stochastic frontier outcome showed that the size of the pond, fingerlings, feed and water supply had a significant and positive effect on fish production, while the cost of medication had an inverse relationship with fish production. Age, education and household size have been found to increase technical performance, while technical inefficiency is increased by distance from farm location and credit access. The finding further revealed that a female fish farmer had a technical efficiency of 53.5% in the area of study. This is a signal that by implementing the technologies practiced by the best farmers, fish productivity can be improved by about 46.5% by the farmers. The coefficient of elasticity was 0.567, which indicated that the female catfish farmers were in Phase II. The failure of farmers to reach the production frontier may however be due to certain factors, including insufficient funding, high feed costs, water supply and fingerlings shortages. On the basis of the results, female fish farmers should be supported by means of professional training in fish production practices to ensure that their resources are optimally utilized.
Technical efficiency, Female farmers, Fish farming, Profitability
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Primary Language en
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1335-7231
Author: Theophilus Miebi GBIGBI (Primary Author)
Institution: Delta State University Asaba campus Asaba
Country: Nigeria


Thanks I hereby acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their criticisms and contributions that have added value to this article. Thanks to all those whose materials were consulted in the course of this research.
Dates

Application Date : November 13, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 23, 2021
Publication Date : July 1, 2021

Bibtex @research article { aquatres821603, journal = {Aquatic Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {Esnaf Mah. Pembe Köşk Sok. Kentplus Kadıköy Sitesi B Blok D435 Kadıköy-İstanbul}, publisher = {Nuray ERKAN ÖZDEN}, year = {2021}, volume = {4}, pages = {250 - 259}, doi = {10.3153/AR21019}, title = {Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Gbıgbı, Theophilus Miebi} }
APA Gbıgbı, T . (2021). Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria . Aquatic Research , 4 (3) , 250-259 . DOI: 10.3153/AR21019
MLA Gbıgbı, T . "Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria" . Aquatic Research 4 (2021 ): 250-259 <https://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/60920/821603>
Chicago Gbıgbı, T . "Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria". Aquatic Research 4 (2021 ): 250-259
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria AU - Theophilus Miebi Gbıgbı Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.3153/AR21019 DO - 10.3153/AR21019 T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 250 EP - 259 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - doi: 10.3153/AR21019 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21019 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria %A Theophilus Miebi Gbıgbı %T Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria %D 2021 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 4 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/AR21019 %U 10.3153/AR21019
ISNAD Gbıgbı, Theophilus Miebi . "Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria". Aquatic Research 4 / 3 (July 2021): 250-259 . https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21019
AMA Gbıgbı T . Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria. Aquat Res. 2021; 4(3): 250-259.
Vancouver Gbıgbı T . Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria. Aquatic Research. 2021; 4(3): 250-259.
IEEE T. Gbıgbı , "Female fish farmers: How technically efficient are they? Evidence from Delta State Nigeria", Aquatic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 250-259, Jul. 2021, doi:10.3153/AR21019