Kısa Bildiri
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 65 - 72, 26.11.2020
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21006

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Alvarez, R.J.D., Agurto, C.P., Alvarez, A.M., Obregon, J. (2004). Resistencia Antimicrobiana en Bacterias Aisladas de Tilapias, Agua y Sedimento en Venezuela. Revista Cientifica, FCV-LUZ, 19(6), 491-499.
  • Avsever, M.L., Onuk, E.E., Turk, N., Tunaligil, S., Eskiizmirliler, S., Incoglu, S., Yabanli, M. (2012). Pasteurellosis cases in sea bass and sea bream cultured in the Aegean region and other bacteria isolated from these cases. Bornova Veteriner Kontrol ve Arastırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 34(48), 9-16.
  • Austin, B., Austin, D. (2007). Bacterial Fish Pathogens Disease of Farmed And Wild Fish. 7th (revised) Edition, Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester.
  • Buller, N.B. (2004). Bacteria from Fish and Other Aquatic Animals: A Practical Identification Manuel. CABI Publishing, Cambridge USA, ISBN 0851997384. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851997384.0000
  • Candan, A., Kucuker, M.A., Karatas, S. (1995). Motile aeromonad septicaemia in Salmo salar cultured in the Black Sea in Turkey. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 15(6), 195-196.
  • CLSI, (2013). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility 23th informational supplement. CLSI Document M100- S23, (ISBN1-56238-865-7-Print:1-56238-866-5–Electronic) Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 950 West Valley Road, Suite 2500, Wayne, Pennsylvania, 19087 USA.
  • Culling, C.F.A. (1963). Handbook of Histopathological Techniques. Second edition, Butterworth & Co.
  • Dinçtürk, E., Tanrıkul, T.T., Türk Çulha, S. (2018). Fungal and Bacterial Co-Infection of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, Linnaeus 1758) in a Recirculating Aquaculture System: Saprolegnia parasitica and Aeromonas hydrophila. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 33(3), 67-71. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE201811
  • Durmaz, Y., Türk, N. (2009). Alabalık işletmelerinden motil aeromonasların izolasyonu ve antibiyotiklere duyarlılıklarının saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 15 (3): 357-361.
  • Esteve, C., Amaro C., Garay, E., Santos, I., Toranzo, A.E. (1995). Pathogenicity of live bacteria and extracellular products of motile Aeromonas isolated from eels. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 78(5), 555-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1995.tb03099.x
  • Guz, L., Kozinska, A. (2004). Antibiotic susceptibility of Aeromonas hydrophila and A. sobria isolated from farmed carp (Cyprinus carpio L). Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy, 48, 391-395.
  • Karataş, S. (1996). Salmo salar L larda bağırsak florasından Aeromonas cinsi bakterilerin izolasyonu. MSc Thesis, Istanbul University.
  • Kayis, S., Capkin, E., Fikri, B., Altinok, I. (2009). Bacteria in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in the Southern Black Sea Region of Turkey - a survey. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 61(4), 339-344.
  • Korun, J., Toprak, B.H. (2007). Japon (Carassius auratus) balıklarından izole ve identifiye edilen Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae ve A. sobria türlerinin antibiyotik hassasiyetleri, hemolitik aktiviteleri ve siderofor üretimleri üzerine bir çalışma. Türk Sucul Yasam Dergisi, 3(5), 776-782.
  • Laith, A.R., Najiah, M. (2013). Aeromonas hydrophila: antimicrobial susceptibility and histopathology of isolates from diseased catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 5(2), 1-7.
  • Majtan, J., Cerny, J., Ofukana, A., Takac, P., Kozanek, M. (2012). Mortality of therapeutic fish Garra rufa caused by Aeromonas sobria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(2), 85-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60197-4
  • Martinez-Murcia, A.J., Esteve, C., Garay, E., Collins, M.D. (1992). Aeromonas allosaccharophila sp. nov., a new mesophilic member of the genus Aeromonas. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 91, 199-205. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1992.tb05209.x
  • Onuk, E.E., Çaycı Tanrıverdi, Y., Çoban, A.Y., Çiftçi, A., Balta, F., Didinen, B.I., Altın, S. (2017). Balık ve yetiştirme suyu kökenli Aeromonas izolatlarının antimikrobiyal duyarlılıklarının saptanması. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 64, 69-73. https://doi.org/10.1501/Vetfak_0000002777
  • Ozer, S., Bulduklu, P., Tezcan, S., Dönmez, E., Aydin, E., Aslan, G., Emekdas, G. (2009). Genetic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility of motile aeromonads isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, walbaum) farms. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25 (2), 195-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01222.x
  • Plumb, J.A., Hanson, L.A. (2011). Health Maintenance and Principal Microbial Diseases of Cultured Fishes. 3rd edn. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell, 492 pp.
  • Rahman, M., Colque-Navarro, P., Kühn, I., Huys, G., Swings, J., Möllby, R. (2002). Identification and Characterization of Pathogenic Aeromonas veronii Biovar Sobria Associated with Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome in Fish in Bangladesh. Applied and Enviromental Microbiology, 68(2), 650-655. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.68.2.650-655.2002
  • Roberts, R.J. (2012). Fish Pathology. 4.Edition. Blackwell Publishing, United Kingdom, pp.387-390 ISBN: 978-1-118-22296-6 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118222942
  • Saharia, P., Pokhrel, H., Kalita, B., Hussain, I.A., Islam, S.(2018). Histopathological changes in Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), experimentally infected with Aeromonas hydrophila associated with hemorrhagic septicemia of Central Brahmaputra valley of Assam, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(5), 06-11
  • Shoemaker, C., Xu, D., Lafrentz, B., Lapatra, S. (2015). Overview of Fish Immune System and Infectious Diseases. P1-24, In: Dietary Nutrients, Additives, and Fish Health (Ed: Cheng-Sheng Lee , Chhorn Lim, Delbert M. Gatlin II, and Carl D. Webster). Published by JohnWiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey384p. ISBN: 10987654321. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119005568.ch1
  • Snieszko, S.F., Bullock, G.L., (1965). Freshwater fish diseases caused by bacteria belonging to the genera aeromonas and pseudomonas. U.S.A. Fish and wildlife service. Fishery Icaflet No.459.
  • Şahin, A.G., San, A.T., Gürçay, S., Alkan, S.M. (2019). Determination of antibiotic resistance sensitivity of Aeromonas sobria isolated from Green terror (Andinoacara rivulatus). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 36(3), 265-269. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.07
  • Toranzo, A.E., Baya, A.M., Romalde, J.J. Hetrick, F.M. (1989). Association of Aeromonas sobria with mortalities of adult gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum lesueur. Journal of Fish Diseases, 12, 439-448. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.1989.tb00555.x
  • TUİK (2019). http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=30697 Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (accessed: 12.06.2019).
  • Wahli, T., Burr, S.E., Pugovkin, D., Mueller, O., Frey, J. (2005). Aeromonas sobria, a causative agent of disease in farmed perch, Perca fluviatilis L.. Journal of Fish Diseases, 28(3), 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2005.00608.x
  • Yardımcı, B., Aydın, Y. (2011). Pathological findings of experimental Aeromonas hydrophila infection in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 58, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1501/Vetfak_0000002448
  • Yuasa, K,, Hatai, K, (1995). Relationship between pathogenity of Saprolegnia spp. Isolates to rainbow trout and their biological characteristics. Fish Pathology, 30, 101-106. https://doi.org/10.3147/jsfp.30.101
  • Yuasa, K,, Kitancharoen, N., Hatai, K. (1977). Simple method to distinguish between Saprolegnia parasitica and S. diclina isolated from fishes with saprolegniasis. Fish Pathology, 32, 175-176. https://doi.org/10.3147/jsfp.32.175

Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 65 - 72, 26.11.2020
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21006

Öz

The aim of the study was to determine a considerable level of mortalities occurred in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cultured in a research hatchery located in Marmara Region/Turkey. Totally 18 individuals (1-8 g) were investigated by using bacteriological and mycological methods. The affected fish showed skin darkening, prolapses and fungal mats at the base of the fins. According to morphological and biochemical characteristics of the isolates, all of them were identified as Aeromonas sobria. Saprolegnia sp. was also observed in squash preparations of the skin. All isolates were determined to be sensitive against florfenicol, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. Histopathologically, vacuolar degeneration, haemorrhage and hyperaemia in the liver, tubular necrosis, periglomerular edema, and multifocal melanomacrophage deposits in the kidney and depletion of white pulp in the spleen were determined. Distal type epithelial cells hyperplasia was also observed in the gills. In diseased fish, motile Aeromonad septicaemia was described and Saprolegnia sp. was also detected in fins and skin lesions but it was considered to be a secondary infection.

Kaynakça

  • Alvarez, R.J.D., Agurto, C.P., Alvarez, A.M., Obregon, J. (2004). Resistencia Antimicrobiana en Bacterias Aisladas de Tilapias, Agua y Sedimento en Venezuela. Revista Cientifica, FCV-LUZ, 19(6), 491-499.
  • Avsever, M.L., Onuk, E.E., Turk, N., Tunaligil, S., Eskiizmirliler, S., Incoglu, S., Yabanli, M. (2012). Pasteurellosis cases in sea bass and sea bream cultured in the Aegean region and other bacteria isolated from these cases. Bornova Veteriner Kontrol ve Arastırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 34(48), 9-16.
  • Austin, B., Austin, D. (2007). Bacterial Fish Pathogens Disease of Farmed And Wild Fish. 7th (revised) Edition, Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester.
  • Buller, N.B. (2004). Bacteria from Fish and Other Aquatic Animals: A Practical Identification Manuel. CABI Publishing, Cambridge USA, ISBN 0851997384. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851997384.0000
  • Candan, A., Kucuker, M.A., Karatas, S. (1995). Motile aeromonad septicaemia in Salmo salar cultured in the Black Sea in Turkey. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 15(6), 195-196.
  • CLSI, (2013). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility 23th informational supplement. CLSI Document M100- S23, (ISBN1-56238-865-7-Print:1-56238-866-5–Electronic) Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 950 West Valley Road, Suite 2500, Wayne, Pennsylvania, 19087 USA.
  • Culling, C.F.A. (1963). Handbook of Histopathological Techniques. Second edition, Butterworth & Co.
  • Dinçtürk, E., Tanrıkul, T.T., Türk Çulha, S. (2018). Fungal and Bacterial Co-Infection of Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, Linnaeus 1758) in a Recirculating Aquaculture System: Saprolegnia parasitica and Aeromonas hydrophila. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 33(3), 67-71. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE201811
  • Durmaz, Y., Türk, N. (2009). Alabalık işletmelerinden motil aeromonasların izolasyonu ve antibiyotiklere duyarlılıklarının saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 15 (3): 357-361.
  • Esteve, C., Amaro C., Garay, E., Santos, I., Toranzo, A.E. (1995). Pathogenicity of live bacteria and extracellular products of motile Aeromonas isolated from eels. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 78(5), 555-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1995.tb03099.x
  • Guz, L., Kozinska, A. (2004). Antibiotic susceptibility of Aeromonas hydrophila and A. sobria isolated from farmed carp (Cyprinus carpio L). Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy, 48, 391-395.
  • Karataş, S. (1996). Salmo salar L larda bağırsak florasından Aeromonas cinsi bakterilerin izolasyonu. MSc Thesis, Istanbul University.
  • Kayis, S., Capkin, E., Fikri, B., Altinok, I. (2009). Bacteria in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in the Southern Black Sea Region of Turkey - a survey. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 61(4), 339-344.
  • Korun, J., Toprak, B.H. (2007). Japon (Carassius auratus) balıklarından izole ve identifiye edilen Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae ve A. sobria türlerinin antibiyotik hassasiyetleri, hemolitik aktiviteleri ve siderofor üretimleri üzerine bir çalışma. Türk Sucul Yasam Dergisi, 3(5), 776-782.
  • Laith, A.R., Najiah, M. (2013). Aeromonas hydrophila: antimicrobial susceptibility and histopathology of isolates from diseased catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 5(2), 1-7.
  • Majtan, J., Cerny, J., Ofukana, A., Takac, P., Kozanek, M. (2012). Mortality of therapeutic fish Garra rufa caused by Aeromonas sobria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(2), 85-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60197-4
  • Martinez-Murcia, A.J., Esteve, C., Garay, E., Collins, M.D. (1992). Aeromonas allosaccharophila sp. nov., a new mesophilic member of the genus Aeromonas. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 91, 199-205. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1992.tb05209.x
  • Onuk, E.E., Çaycı Tanrıverdi, Y., Çoban, A.Y., Çiftçi, A., Balta, F., Didinen, B.I., Altın, S. (2017). Balık ve yetiştirme suyu kökenli Aeromonas izolatlarının antimikrobiyal duyarlılıklarının saptanması. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 64, 69-73. https://doi.org/10.1501/Vetfak_0000002777
  • Ozer, S., Bulduklu, P., Tezcan, S., Dönmez, E., Aydin, E., Aslan, G., Emekdas, G. (2009). Genetic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility of motile aeromonads isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, walbaum) farms. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25 (2), 195-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01222.x
  • Plumb, J.A., Hanson, L.A. (2011). Health Maintenance and Principal Microbial Diseases of Cultured Fishes. 3rd edn. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell, 492 pp.
  • Rahman, M., Colque-Navarro, P., Kühn, I., Huys, G., Swings, J., Möllby, R. (2002). Identification and Characterization of Pathogenic Aeromonas veronii Biovar Sobria Associated with Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome in Fish in Bangladesh. Applied and Enviromental Microbiology, 68(2), 650-655. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.68.2.650-655.2002
  • Roberts, R.J. (2012). Fish Pathology. 4.Edition. Blackwell Publishing, United Kingdom, pp.387-390 ISBN: 978-1-118-22296-6 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118222942
  • Saharia, P., Pokhrel, H., Kalita, B., Hussain, I.A., Islam, S.(2018). Histopathological changes in Indian Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), experimentally infected with Aeromonas hydrophila associated with hemorrhagic septicemia of Central Brahmaputra valley of Assam, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(5), 06-11
  • Shoemaker, C., Xu, D., Lafrentz, B., Lapatra, S. (2015). Overview of Fish Immune System and Infectious Diseases. P1-24, In: Dietary Nutrients, Additives, and Fish Health (Ed: Cheng-Sheng Lee , Chhorn Lim, Delbert M. Gatlin II, and Carl D. Webster). Published by JohnWiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey384p. ISBN: 10987654321. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119005568.ch1
  • Snieszko, S.F., Bullock, G.L., (1965). Freshwater fish diseases caused by bacteria belonging to the genera aeromonas and pseudomonas. U.S.A. Fish and wildlife service. Fishery Icaflet No.459.
  • Şahin, A.G., San, A.T., Gürçay, S., Alkan, S.M. (2019). Determination of antibiotic resistance sensitivity of Aeromonas sobria isolated from Green terror (Andinoacara rivulatus). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 36(3), 265-269. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2019.36.3.07
  • Toranzo, A.E., Baya, A.M., Romalde, J.J. Hetrick, F.M. (1989). Association of Aeromonas sobria with mortalities of adult gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum lesueur. Journal of Fish Diseases, 12, 439-448. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.1989.tb00555.x
  • TUİK (2019). http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=30697 Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (accessed: 12.06.2019).
  • Wahli, T., Burr, S.E., Pugovkin, D., Mueller, O., Frey, J. (2005). Aeromonas sobria, a causative agent of disease in farmed perch, Perca fluviatilis L.. Journal of Fish Diseases, 28(3), 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2005.00608.x
  • Yardımcı, B., Aydın, Y. (2011). Pathological findings of experimental Aeromonas hydrophila infection in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 58, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1501/Vetfak_0000002448
  • Yuasa, K,, Hatai, K, (1995). Relationship between pathogenity of Saprolegnia spp. Isolates to rainbow trout and their biological characteristics. Fish Pathology, 30, 101-106. https://doi.org/10.3147/jsfp.30.101
  • Yuasa, K,, Kitancharoen, N., Hatai, K. (1977). Simple method to distinguish between Saprolegnia parasitica and S. diclina isolated from fishes with saprolegniasis. Fish Pathology, 32, 175-176. https://doi.org/10.3147/jsfp.32.175

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi
Bölüm Short Communication
Yazarlar

Remziye YARDIMCI (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7737-8739
Türkiye


Emre TURGAY
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-9964-3919
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Istanbul University
Proje Numarası 35964
Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Kasım 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 16 Haziran 2020
Kabul Tarihi 30 Ekim 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @kısa bildiri { aquatres753617, journal = {Aquatic Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {Esnaf Mah. Pembe Köşk Sok. Kentplus Kadıköy Sitesi B Blok D435 Kadıköy-İstanbul}, publisher = {Nuray ERKAN ÖZDEN}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {65 - 72}, doi = {10.3153/AR21006}, title = {Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)}, key = {cite}, author = {Yardımcı, Remziye and Turgay, Emre} }
APA Yardımcı, R. & Turgay, E. (2020). Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss) . Aquatic Research , 4 (1) , 65-72 . DOI: 10.3153/AR21006
MLA Yardımcı, R. , Turgay, E. "Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)" . Aquatic Research 4 (2020 ): 65-72 <http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/tr/pub/issue/56921/753617>
Chicago Yardımcı, R. , Turgay, E. "Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Aquatic Research 4 (2020 ): 65-72
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss) AU - Remziye Yardımcı , Emre Turgay Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.3153/AR21006 DO - 10.3153/AR21006 T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 72 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - doi: 10.3153/AR21006 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21006 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %A Remziye Yardımcı , Emre Turgay %T Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %D 2020 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3153/AR21006 %U 10.3153/AR21006
ISNAD Yardımcı, Remziye , Turgay, Emre . "Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Aquatic Research 4 / 1 (Kasım 2020): 65-72 . https://doi.org/10.3153/AR21006
AMA Yardımcı R. , Turgay E. Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquat Res. 2020; 4(1): 65-72.
Vancouver Yardımcı R. , Turgay E. Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquatic Research. 2020; 4(1): 65-72.
IEEE R. Yardımcı ve E. Turgay , "Diagnosis of Aeromonas sobria and Saprolegnia sp. co-infection in rainbow trout fry (Oncorhynchus mykiss)", Aquatic Research, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 65-72, Kas. 2020, doi:10.3153/AR21006

ustresim_2020_dergipark.png

is licensed under a CreativeCommons Attribtion-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence 14628   13259

Open Access Statement:

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.