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Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 3, 219 - 229, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR22021

Abstract

This study, it was aimed to examine the clinical, hematological, and histopathological aspects of lactococcosis induced in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), which was experimentally infected with Lactococcus garvieae. For this purpose, the infection was induced intraperitoneally with L. garvieae strain (108 CFU/mL), and blood samples were collected from the infected fish on different days (6, 18, 26, 31, 36, 44, and 48th) of infection. The morphological structures, erythrocyte and leukocyte count, hematocrit value, sedimentation rate, and coagulation time of the blood cells in the collected samples were calculated. As a result of the infection, while there was a decrease in erythrocyte count, hematocrit value, and coagulation rate, in addition to changes in the morphological structure of blood cells, it was determined that there was a significant increase in the leukocyte count and sedimentation rate. Furthermore, histopathological examination was also performed in the organs of infected fish such as the brain, liver, spleen, kidney, heart, gill, and intestine. Histopathologically, in the infected sea bass, while hemorrhage, diffuse necrosis, and hyaline droplets were detected in the granular brain tissue, hyperemia and hemorrhage were noted in the liver and spleen, and widespread necrosis in the hematopoietic tissue of the kidney, in the gills intensive hyperplasia, an increase in the goblet cell were detected. Although there are studies on lactococcosis in various marine fish species around the world, the infection of L. garvieae in farmed sea bass and various parameters and pathological aspects were investigated in detail for the first time in this study. L. garvieae was determined to have clinical significance for European sea bass with a high economic value.

References

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Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 3, 219 - 229, 01.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.3153/AR22021

Abstract

References

  • Aizpurúa, J., Esnault, F. (1999). Revista de Acuicultura Trouvit Informa. Invierno, 1, 21-23.
  • Alsaid, M., Abuseliana, A.F., Daud, H.H., Mustapha, N. M., Bejo, S.K., Abdelhadi, Y.M., Hamdan, R.H. (2014). Haematological, biochemical and clinical signs changes following experimental infection of Streptococcus agalactiae in red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). Aquaculture Indonesiana, 15(2), 86-93. https://doi.org/10.21534/ai.v15i2.36
  • Austin, B., Austin, D.A. (2012). Bacterial fish pathogens (Vol. 481). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. p. 482. ISBN: 13: 978-9048175260 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4884-2
  • Avcı, H., Aydoğan, A., Tanrıkul, T.T., Birincioğlu, S.S. (2010). Pathological and microbiological investigations in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) naturally infected with Lactococcus garvieae. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 16 (Suppl-B), 313-318.
  • Avsever, M. L., Tanrıkul, T. T., Güroy, D., Metin, S., Hasan, A. H., Tunalıgil, S. (2014). Investigation of certain blood parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) naturally infected with Lactococcus garvieae. Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 8(2), 114-120. https://doi.org/10.3153/jfscom.201415
  • Barham, W. T., Smit, G. L., Schoonbee, H. J. (1980). The haematological assessment of bacterial infection in rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson. Journal of Fish Biology, 17(3), 275-281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1980.tb02761.x
  • Barnes, A., Guyat, C., Hansen, B., Horne, M., Ellis, A. (2002). Antibody increases phagocytosis and killing of Lactococcus garvieae by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) macrophages, Fish & Shellfish Immunology 12, 181-186. https://doi.org/10.1006/fsim.2001.0372
  • Blaxhall, P.C., Daisley, K.W. (1973). Routine haematological methods for use with fish blood. Journal of Fish Biology, 5(6), 771-781. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1973.tb04510.x
  • Castro, R., Tafalla, C. (2015). Overview of fish immunity. In B. H. Beck & E. Peatman (Eds.), Mucosal Health in Aquaculture San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 3-54. ISBN: 978-0-12-417186-2, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-417186-2.00002-9
  • Chang, P.H., Lin, C.W., Lee, Y. C. (2002). Lactococcus garvieae infection of cultured rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss in Taiwan and associated biophysical characteristics and histopathology. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 22, 319-327.
  • Chen, S.C., Liaw, L.L., Su, H.Y., Ko, S.C., Wu, C.Y., Chaung, H.C., Chu, S.Y. (2002). Lactococcus garvieae, a cause of disease in grey mullet, Mugil cephalus L.; in Taiwan. Journal of Fish Diseases, 25(12), 727-732. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2761.2002.00415.x
  • Chen, Y.E., Jin, S., Wang, G.L. (2005). Study on blood physiological and biochemical indices of Vibrio alginolyticus disease of Lateolabrax japonicas. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait, 24, 104-108.
  • Chen, C.Y., Wooster, G.A., Bowser, P.R. (2004). Comparative blood chemistry and histopathology of tilapia infected with Vibrio vulnificus or Streptococcus iniae or exposed to carbon tetrachloride, gentamicin, or copper sulfate. Aquaculture, 239(1-4), 421-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.05.033
  • Colorni, A., Ravelo, C., Romalde, J.L., Toranzo, A.E., Diamant, A. (2003). Lactococcus garvieae in wild Red Sea wrasse Coris aygula (Labridae). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 56(3), 275-278. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao056275
  • Didinen, B.I., Yardimci, B., Onuk, E.E., Metin, S., Yildirim, P. (2014). Naturally Lactococcus garvieae infection in rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss Walbaum, 1792): New histopathological observations, phenotypic and molecular identification. Rev Med Vet-Toulouse, 165, 12-19.
  • Di Trapani, A.M., Sgroi, F., Testa, R., Tudisca, S. (2014). Economic comparison between offshore and inshore aquaculture production systems of European sea bass in Italy. Aquaculture, 434, 334-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.09.001
  • Duman, M., Buyukekiz, A.G., Saticioglu, I.B., Cengiz, M., Sahinturk, P., Altun, S. (2020). Epidemiology, genotypic diversity, and antimicrobial resistance of Lactococcus garvieae in farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 19(1), 1-18.
  • Eldar, A.A., Ghittino, C. (1999). Lactococcus garvieae and Streptococcus iniae infections in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss: similar, but different diseases. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 36(3), 227-231. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao036227
  • Fazio, F., Faggio, C., Marafioti, S., Torre, A., Sanfilippo, M., Piccione, G. (2012). Comparative study of haematological profile on Gobius niger in two different habitat sites: Faro Lake and Tyrrhenian Sea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 53(1), 213-219.
  • Fazio, F. (2019). Fish hematology analysis as an important tool of aquaculture: a review. Aquaculture, 500, 237-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.10.030
  • Gbore, F.A., Oginni, O., Adewole, A.M., Aladetan, J.O. (2006). The effect of transportation and handling stress on haematology and plasma biochemistry in fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia zilli. World Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(2), 208-212.
  • Goldenfarb, P.B., Bowyer, F.P., Hall, E., Brosious, E. (1971). Reproducibility in the hematology laboratory: the microhematocrit determination. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 56(1), 35-39. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/56.1.35
  • Itami, T., Kondo, M., Uozu, M., Suganuma, A., Abe, T., Nakagawa, A., Takahashi, Y. (1996). Enhancement of resistance against Enterococcus seriolicida infection in yellowtail, Seriola quinqueradiata (Temminck & Schlegel), by oral administration of peptidoglycan derived from Bifidobacterium thermophilum. Journal of Fish Diseases, 19(2), 185-187. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.1996.tb00699.x
  • Kang, S.H., Shin, G.W., Shin, Y.S., Palaksha, K.J., Kim, Y.R., Yang, H.H., Jung, T.S. (2004). Experimental evaluation of pathogenicity of Lactococcus garvieae in black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli). Journal of Veterinary Science, 5(4), 387-390. https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2004.5.4.387
  • Kawanishi, M., Kojima, A., Ishihara, K., Esaki, H., Kijima, M., Takahashi, T., Tamura, Y. (2005). Drug resistance and pulsed‐field gel electrophoresis patterns of Lactococcus garvieae isolates from cultured Seriola (yellowtail, amberjack and kingfish) in Japan. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 40(5), 322-328. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2005.01690.x
  • Khosravi, M., Mohammadian, T., Tahmasebifard, M., Boroujeni, M. P. (2018). Correlation between C-reactive protein level, immunology, and hematology of Oncorhynchus mykiss infected with Lactococcus garvieae. Aquaculture International, 26(6), 1415-1425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-018-0295-6
  • Kobayashi, T., Ishitaka, Y., Imai, M., Kawaguchi, Y. (2004). Pathological studies on Lactococcus garvieae infection of cultured rockfish Sebastes schlegeli. Aquaculture Science, 52(4), 359-364.
  • Kori-Siakpere, O., Ubogu, E.O. (2008). Sublethal haematological effects of zinc on the freshwater fish, Heteroclarias sp.(Osteichthyes: Clariidae). African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(12), 2068-2073. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB07.706
  • Lee, D.C., Lee, J.I., Park, C.I., Park, S.I. (2001). The study on the causal agent of Streptococcicosis (Lactococcus garvieae), isolated from cultured marine fishes. Journal of Fish Pathology, 14(2), 71-80.
  • Lee, J.Y., Hyun, M., Kim, H.A., Ryu, S.Y. (2021). Infectious spondylitis and septicemia due to Lactococcus garvieae: A literature review of non-endocarditis cases. Infection & Chemotherapy, 53(1), e63. https://doi.org/10.3947/ic.2019.0015
  • Magnadóttir, B. (2006). Innate immunity of fish (overview). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 20(2), 137-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2004.09.006
  • Martins, M.L., Mouriño, J.L.P., Amaral, G.V., Vieira, F.N., Dotta, G., Jatobá, A.M.B., Buglione-Neto, C.C. (2008). Haematological changes in Nile tilapia experimentally infected with Enterococcus sp. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 68(3), 657-661. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842008000300025
  • Murachi, S. (1959). Haemoglobin content, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and haematocrit of the blood in the young of the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of the Faculty of Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, 2, 241-247.
  • Muzquiz, J.L., Royo, F.M., Ortega, C., De Blas, I., Ruiz, I., Alonso, J.L. (1999). Pathogenicity of streptococcosis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): dependence on age of diseased fish. Bulletin-European Association of Fish Pathologists, 19, 114-119.
  • Natt, M.P., Herrick, C.A. (1952). A new blood diluent for counting the erythrocytes and leucocytes of the chicken. Poultry Science, 31(4), 735-738. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0310735
  • Ortega, C., Irgang, R., Valladares-Carranza, B., Collarte, C., Avendaño-Herrera, R. (2020). First identification and characterization of Lactococcus garvieae isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cultured in Mexico. Animals, 10(9), 1609. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091609
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Tülay AKAYLI> (Primary Author)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-2375-2224
Türkiye


Çiğdem ÜRKÜ>
Istanbul University, Faculty of Aquatic Science
0000-0003-0381-9321
Türkiye


Zeynep GÖKEN>
Istanbul University, Institute of Science
0000-0002-4102-8574
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Turkish Scientific and Technological Council (TUBİTAK)
Project Number 114O766.
Publication Date July 1, 2022
Application Date March 1, 2022
Acceptance Date May 5, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { aquatres1081046, journal = {Aquatic Research}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {Esnaf Mah. Pembe Köşk Sok. Kentplus Kadıköy Sitesi B Blok D435 Kadıköy-İstanbul}, publisher = {Nuray ERKAN ÖZDEN}, year = {2022}, volume = {5}, number = {3}, pages = {219 - 229}, doi = {10.3153/AR22021}, title = {Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters}, key = {cite}, author = {Akaylı, Tülay and Ürkü, Çiğdem and Göken, Zeynep} }
APA Akaylı, T. , Ürkü, Ç. & Göken, Z. (2022). Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters . Aquatic Research , 5 (3) , 219-229 . DOI: 10.3153/AR22021
MLA Akaylı, T. , Ürkü, Ç. , Göken, Z. "Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters" . Aquatic Research 5 (2022 ): 219-229 <http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/69220/1081046>
Chicago Akaylı, T. , Ürkü, Ç. , Göken, Z. "Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters". Aquatic Research 5 (2022 ): 219-229
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters AU - Tülay Akaylı , Çiğdem Ürkü , Zeynep Göken Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.3153/AR22021 DO - 10.3153/AR22021 T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 219 EP - 229 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - doi: 10.3153/AR22021 UR - https://doi.org/10.3153/AR22021 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters %A Tülay Akaylı , Çiğdem Ürkü , Zeynep Göken %T Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters %D 2022 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.3153/AR22021 %U 10.3153/AR22021
ISNAD Akaylı, Tülay , Ürkü, Çiğdem , Göken, Zeynep . "Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters". Aquatic Research 5 / 3 (July 2022): 219-229 . https://doi.org/10.3153/AR22021
AMA Akaylı T. , Ürkü Ç. , Göken Z. Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters. Aquat Res. 2022; 5(3): 219-229.
Vancouver Akaylı T. , Ürkü Ç. , Göken Z. Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters. Aquatic Research. 2022; 5(3): 219-229.
IEEE T. Akaylı , Ç. Ürkü and Z. Göken , "Pathological aspects of experimental infection of Lactococcus garvieae in European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): Clinical, hematological, and histopathological parameters", Aquatic Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 219-229, Jul. 2022, doi:10.3153/AR22021

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