Year 2021, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 9 2021-01-01

Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria

Eguono Aramide IKPOZA [1] , Felix ACHOJA [2] , Oraye Dicta OGISI [3] , Christy ULIONG [4]


Technical efficiency assessment and enhancement is critical to sustainable fisheries development in Nigeria. This study examines stochastic frontier of catfish aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 110 catfish farmers in areas with high density catfish farms. Primary data were collected directly from catfish farmers using structured questionnaire. The analytical tools used were descriptive statistics, net farm income, stochastic frontier production function (SPF) and t-statistics. The result shows that most of the catfish farmers were young people within the productive age of 40-49 years. Catfish farmers had obtained various levels of formal education. Finding shows that feeds cost was the highest variable cost (72.75%). Feed had a positive and significant relationship (P<0.05) with catfish output. Mean technical efficiency is 53.49%. The estimated variance (δ2s=0.2125) is statistically significant (P<0.05), indicating that profit inefficiency is highly significant among catfish farmers. Estimated Gamma (γ) value of 0.26 implies that 26% of the total variation in catfish profit efficiency is due to the joint effect of technical inefficiency factors. The most significant efficiency factors are fish feed and pond size. The age and educational status of farmers are the most important determining factors of inefficiency in catfish production system. Lack of finance was the most serious constraint faced by catfish farmers. The study recommended that catfish farmers should form cooperative unions to facilitate their access to cooperative funding. 
Stochastic frontier analysis, Catfish aquaculture, Technical efficiency, Sustainable fisheries development
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Primary Language en
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7633-7289
Author: Eguono Aramide IKPOZA
Institution: Delta State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abraka, Delta State
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-9705-4923
Author: Felix ACHOJA (Primary Author)
Institution: Delta State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abraka, Delta State
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-9068-9694
Author: Oraye Dicta OGISI
Institution: Delta State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abraka, Delta State
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0003-4115-368X
Author: Christy ULIONG
Institution: Delta State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abraka, Delta State
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Application Date : May 22, 2020
Acceptance Date : July 10, 2020
Publication Date : January 1, 2021

Bibtex @research article { aquatres741294, journal = {Aquatic Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6365}, address = {Esnaf Mah. Pembe Köşk Sok. Kentplus Kadıköy Sitesi B Blok D435 Kadıköy-İstanbul}, publisher = {Nuray ERKAN ÖZDEN}, year = {2021}, volume = {4}, pages = {1 - 9}, doi = {}, title = {Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Ikpoza, Eguono and Achoja, Felix and Ogısı, Oraye and Ulıong, Christy} }
APA Ikpoza, E , Achoja, F , Ogısı, O , Ulıong, C . (2021). Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria . Aquatic Research , 4 (1) , 1-9 . Retrieved from http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/56921/741294
MLA Ikpoza, E , Achoja, F , Ogısı, O , Ulıong, C . "Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria" . Aquatic Research 4 (2021 ): 1-9 <http://aquatres.scientificwebjournals.com/en/pub/issue/56921/741294>
Chicago Ikpoza, E , Achoja, F , Ogısı, O , Ulıong, C . "Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria". Aquatic Research 4 (2021 ): 1-9
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria AU - Eguono Ikpoza , Felix Achoja , Oraye Ogısı , Christy Ulıong Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Aquatic Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 9 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2618-6365 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Research Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria %A Eguono Ikpoza , Felix Achoja , Oraye Ogısı , Christy Ulıong %T Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria %D 2021 %J Aquatic Research %P -2618-6365 %V 4 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Ikpoza, Eguono , Achoja, Felix , Ogısı, Oraye , Ulıong, Christy . "Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria". Aquatic Research 4 / 1 (January 2021): 1-9 .
AMA Ikpoza E , Achoja F , Ogısı O , Ulıong C . Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria. Aquat Res. 2021; 4(1): 1-9.
Vancouver Ikpoza E , Achoja F , Ogısı O , Ulıong C . Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria. Aquatic Research. 2021; 4(1): 1-9.
IEEE E. Ikpoza , F. Achoja , O. Ogısı and C. Ulıong , "Stochastic frontier analysis of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) aquaculture agribusiness for sustainable fisheries development: Evidence from Nigeria", Aquatic Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-9, Jan. 2021